collaborateurs

Luca Cocconi

Etudiant(e) en thèse chez Physique de la biologie

  • T: +41 22 379 67 56
  • office 3004a (Sciences III)
  • Scaling of entropy production under coarse graining in active disordered media. Phys Rev E 2022 Apr;105(4):L042601. 10.1103/PhysRevE.105.L042601.

    résumé

    Entropy production plays a fundamental role in the study of nonequilibrium systems by offering a quantitative handle on the degree of time-reversal symmetry breaking. It depends crucially on the degree of freedom considered as well as on the scale of description. How the entropy production at one resolution of the degrees of freedom is related to the entropy production at another resolution is a fundamental question which has recently attracted interest. This relationship is of particular relevance to coarse-grained and continuum descriptions of a given phenomenon. In this work, we derive the scaling of the entropy production under iterative coarse graining on the basis of the correlations of the underlying microscopic transition rates for noninteracting particles in active disordered media. Our approach unveils a natural criterion to distinguish equilibrium-like and genuinely nonequilibrium macroscopic phenomena based on the sign of the scaling exponent of the entropy production per mesostate.

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  • Patterning and growth control in vivo by an engineered GFP gradient Science. 2020;370(6514):321-327. doi:10.1126/science.abb8205

    résumé

    Morphogen gradients provide positional information during development. To uncover the minimal requirements for morphogen gradient formation, we have engineered a synthetic morphogen in Drosophila wing primordia. We show that an inert protein, green fluorescent protein (GFP), can form a detectable diffusion-based gradient in the presence of surface-associated anti-GFP nanobodies, which modulate the gradient by trapping the ligand and limiting leakage from the tissue. We next fused anti-GFP nanobodies to the receptors of Dpp, a natural morphogen, to render them responsive to extracellular GFP. In the presence of these engineered receptors, GFP could replace Dpp to organize patterning and growth in vivo. Concomitant expression of glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored nonsignaling receptors further improved patterning, to near-wild-type quality. Theoretical arguments suggest that GPI anchorage could be important for these receptors to expand the gradient length scale while at the same time reducing leakage.

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