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Jan Brabec

Postdoctoral fellow in Natural History Museum

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  • The Proteocephalus Species-Aggregate in Freshwater Centrarchid and Percid Fishes of the Nearctic Region (North America). J. Parasitol. 2019 Oct;105(5):798-812. 440739. 10.1645/19-89.

    abstract

    In the present paper, species of the Proteocephalus-aggregate de Chambrier, Zehnder, Vaucher, and Mariaux, 2004 (Cestoda: Proteocephalidae) reported from centrarchid and percid fishes in North America are reviewed, and their taxonomic status is critically assessed based on a study of type specimens and new material from Canada and the United States. The following 3 species, supposedly strictly specific to their fish definitive hosts, are recognized as valid: (1) Proteocephalus fluviatilisBangham, 1925 (new synonyms Proteocephalus osburniBangham, 1925 and Proteocephalus microcephalusHaderlie, 1953; Proteocephalus 'robustus' nomen nudum) from the smallmouth and largemouth bass, Micropterus dolomieu (Lacépède) (type host) and Micropterus salmoides (Lacépède) (both Centrarchidae); (2) Proteocephalus luciopercaeWardle, 1932 (new synonym Proteocephalus stizostethiHunter and Bangham, 1933) from the walleye, Sander vitreus (Mitchill) (type host), and sauger, Sander canadensis (Griffith et Smith) (Percidae); and (3) Proteocephalus pearseiLa Rue, 1919, a parasite of the yellow perch, Perca flavescens Mitchill (Percidae). All species are illustrated based on new, properly heat-fixed material. Scanning electron micrographs of the scoleces of percid tapeworms P. luciopercae and P. pearsei, as well as the bass tapeworms P. fluviatilis and Proteocephalus ambloplitis (Leidy, 1887), the latter of which does not belong to this Proteocephalus-aggregate, are provided for the first time together with a simple key to species identification of proteocephalids from centrarchiform and perciform teleost fishes.

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  • Revision of Gangesia (Cestoda: Proteocephalidea) in the Indomalayan region: morphology, molecules and surface ultrastructure. PLoS ONE 2012 ;7(10):e46421. 10.1371/journal.pone.0046421. PONE-D-12-18329. PMC3463618.

    abstract

    Tapeworms of Gangesia Woodland, 1924 (Cestoda: Proteocephalidea) parasitic in freshwater fishes in the Indomalayan Region were critically reviewed. Evaluation of type specimens and newly collected materials from Bangladesh, Cambodia and India, as well as critical examination of extensive literature have shown that only the following four species, instead of 48 nominal species of Gangesia and Silurotaenia Nybelin, 1942 reported from this region (36 new synonymies proposed), are valid: Gangesia bengalensis (Southwell, 1913), type-species of the genus and most common parasite of Wallago attu (Siluridae), G. macrones Woodland, 1924 typical of Sperata seenghala (Bagridae), both species characterized by the possession of two circles of hooks on the rostellum-like organ and several rows of hooklets on the anterior margins of suckers; G. agraensis Verma, 1928 from W. attu (typical host), which has the scolex with only one circle of hooks and 1-3 incomplete rows of tiny hooklets on the suckers; and G. vachai (Gupta and Parmar, 1988) n. comb. from several catfishes, which possesses 4-6 circles of hooks and 5-11 rows of hooklets on the anterior half of suckers. Scolex morphology, including surface ultrastructure (microtriches), of all but one species (G. vachai) is described for the first time using scanning electron microscopy. A phylogenetic analysis based on the partial sequences encoding the large nuclear ribosomal subunit RNA gene has shown that three Indomalayan species, namely G. bengalensis, G. macrones and G. vachai, form a monophyletic group within Gangesia, whereas G. agraensis tends to form a clade with the Palaearctic species of the genus. A table with differential characters of all species from the Indomalayan Region is also provided together with a key to identification of genera of the subfamily Gangesiinae. The present study demonstrates that species of Silurotaenia do not occur in the Indomalayan region.

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