staff

Luca Pollarolo

Associate scientist in Anthropology & African Archaeology

  • T: +41 22 379 69 88
  • office 4-438A (Sciences II)

2016

  • Villa P. , Soriano S., Grün R., Marra F., Nomade S., Pereira A., Boschian G., Pollarolo L., Fang F., Bahain JJ. The Acheulian and Early Middle Paleolithic in Latium (Italy): Stability and Innovation. PLoS ONE 11(8): e0160516. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0160516

2015

  • Huysecom E., Chevrier B., Mayor A., Canetti, M., Chaix L., Garnier A., Guèye N.S.†, Lespez L., Loukou S., Pollarolo L., Rasse M., Ballouche A., Bocoum H., Camara A., Sankaré F., Guardiola Figols M., Guindo N., Hajdas I., Jeanbourquin C., Sanogo K., Tribolo, C., 2015. La construction du cadre chronologique et paléoenvironnemental de la moyenne vallée de la Falémé (Sénégal oriental) : les résultats de la 17e année d’activités du programme international « Peuplement humain et paléoenvironnement en Afrique ». In : SLSA Annual report 2013. Zürich et Vaduz: Fondation Suisse-Liechtenstein pour les recherches archéologiques à l'étranger : 61-134.

  • Soriano S, Villa P, Delagnes A, Degano I, Pollarolo L, Lucejko JJ, et al. The Still Bay and Howiesons Poort at Sibudu and Blombos: Understanding Middle Stone Age Technologies. PLoS ONE 10 (7): e0131127.

  • Villa P., Pollarolo L., Degano I., Leila Birolo L., Pasero M., Biagioni C., Douka K., Vinciguerra R., Lucejko J. J., Wadley L. A milk and ochre paint mixture used 49,000 years ago at Sibudu, South Africa. PloS One 10 (6) : e0131273.

2014

  • Backwell L. R., McCarthy T. S., Lyn Wadley L., Henderson Z., Steininger C. M., deKlerk B., Barré M., Lamothe M., Chase B. M., Woodborne S., Susino G. J., Bamford M. K., Sievers C., Brink J. S., Rossouw L., Pollarolo L., Trower G., Scott L., d’Errico F. Multiproxy record of late Quaternary climate change and Middle Stone Age human occupation at Wonderkrater, South Africa. Quaternary Science Reviews, 99, 42-59

2011

  • Soriano, S., Pollarolo, L. Le site de Millon (Malay-le-Petit, Yonne, France). Du Gravettien récent dans la vallée de la Vanne. Annales d'Université "Valahia" Targovişte. Section d'Archéologie et d'Histoire. Tome XIII. Numero 2, 13 – 39.

2010

  • Pollarolo, L., Susino, G., Kuman, K., Bruxelles, L. Acheulean artefacts at Maropeng in the Cradle of Humankind world Heritage site, Gauteng Province, South Africa. The South African Archaeological Bulletin, 65 (191):3-12.

  • Wilkins, J., Pollarolo, L., Kuman, K.. Prepared core reduction at the site of Kudu Koppie in northern South Africa: temporal patterns across the Earlier and Middle Stone Age boundary. Journal of Archaeological Science 37, (6), 1279-1292.

  • Pollarolo, L., Wilkins, J., Kuman, K., Galletti, L.. Site fprmation at Kudu Koppie: A Late Earlier and Middle Stone Age site in northern Limpopo Province, South Africa. Quaternary International 216, 151-161.

2007

  • Pollarolo, L., Kuman, K. 2009. Excavation at Kudu Koppie site, Limpopo Province, South Africa. The South African Archaeological Bulletin, 64(189):69-74.

2005

  • Kuman, K., Gibbon, R.J., Kempson, H., Langejans, G., Le Baron, J.C., Pollarolo L. and Sutton M.. Stone Age signatures in northernmost South Africa: archaeology of the Vhembe-Dongola National park and vicinity, 163-182. In F. D`Errico e L. Backwell (eds): From Tools to Symbols: From Early Hominids to modern Humans. Johannesburg: Wits University Press. 

  • An abstract drawing from the 73,000-year-old levels at Blombos Cave, South Africa. Nature. 2018 Oct;562(7725):115-118. doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0514-3

    abstract

    Abstract and depictive representations produced by drawing-known from Europe, Africa and Southeast Asia after 40,000 years ago-are a prime indicator of modern cognition and behaviour1. Here we report a cross-hatched pattern drawn with an ochre crayon on a ground silcrete flake recovered from approximately 73,000-year-old Middle Stone Age levels at Blombos Cave, South Africa. Our microscopic and chemical analyses of the pattern confirm that red ochre pigment was intentionally applied to the flake with an ochre crayon. The object comes from a level associated with stone tools of the Still Bay techno-complex that has previously yielded shell beads, cross-hatched engravings on ochre pieces and a variety of innovative technologies2-5. This notable discovery pre-dates the earliest previously known abstract and figurative drawings by at least 30,000 years. This drawing demonstrates the ability of early Homo sapiens in southern Africa to produce graphic designs on various media using different techniques.

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  • From Neandertals to modern humans: New data on the Uluzzian. PLoS One. 2018 May 9;13(5):e0196786. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0196786

    abstract

    Having thrived in Eurasia for 350,000 years Neandertals disappeared from the record around 40,000–37,000 years ago, after modern humans entered Europe. It was a complex process of population interactions that included cultural exchanges and admixture between Neandertals and dispersing groups of modern humans. In Europe Neandertals are always associated with the Mousterian while the Aurignacian is associated with modern humans only. The onset of the Aurignacian is preceded by “transitional” industries which show some similarities with the Mousterian but also contain modern tool forms. Information on these industries is often incomplete or disputed and this is true of the Uluzzian. We present the results of taphonomic, typological and technological analyses of two Uluzzian sites, Grotta La Fabbrica (Tuscany) and the newly discovered site of Colle Rotondo (Latium). Comparisons with Castelcivita and Grotta del Cavallo show that the Uluzzian is a coherent cultural unit lasting about five millennia, replaced by the Protoaurignacian before the eruption of the Campanian Ignimbrite. The lack of skeletal remains at our two sites and the controversy surrounding the stratigraphic position of modern human teeth at Cavallo makes it difficult to reach agreement about authorship of the Uluzzian, for which alternative hypotheses have been proposed. Pending the discovery of DNA or further human remains, these hypotheses can only be evaluated by archaeological arguments, i.e. evidence of continuities and discontinuities between the Uluzzian and the preceding and succeeding culture units in Italy. However, in the context of “transitional” industries with disputed dates for the arrival of modern humans in Europe, and considering the case of the Châtelperronian, an Upper Paleolithic industry made by Neandertals, typo-technology used as an indicator of hominin authorship has limited predictive value. We corroborate previous suggestions that the Middle-to-Upper Paleolithic transition occurred as steps of rapid changes and geographically uneven rates of spread.

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