highlights

publications

Influence of Paleolithic Range Contraction, Admixture and Long-Distance Dispersal on Genetic Gradients of Modern Humans in Asia.

Cavalli-Sforza and coauthors originally explored the genetic variation of modern humans throughout the world and observed an overall east-west genetic gradient in Asia. However, the specific environmental and population genetics processes causing this gradient were not formally investigated and promoted discussion in recent studies. Here we studied the influence of diverse environmental and population genetics processes on Asian genetic gradients and identified which could have produced the observed gradient. To do so, we performed extensive spatially-explicit computer simulations of genetic data under the following scenarios: (i) variable levels of admixture between Paleolithic and Neolithic populations, (ii) migration through long-distance dispersal (LDD), (iii) Paleolithic range contraction induced by the last glacial maximum (LGM) and, (iv) Neolithic range expansions from one or two geographic origins (the Fertile Crescent and the Yangzi and Yellow River Basins). Next, we estimated genetic gradients from the simulated data and we found that they were sensible to the analyzed processes, especially to the range contraction induced by LGM and to the number of Neolithic expansions. Some scenarios were compatible with the observed east-west genetic gradient, such as the Paleolithic expansion with a range contraction induced by the LGM or two Neolithic range expansions from both the east and the west. In general, LDD increased the variance of genetic gradients among simulations. We interpreted the obtained gradients as a consequence of both allele surfing caused by range expansions and isolation by distance along the vast east-west geographic axis of this continent.

news

National Geographic Readers: Animals That Change Color

Michel Milinkovitch served as the scientific advisor for the content of the issue ‘Animals That Change Colors’ of the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC KIDS magazine.

events

JUMBO CRIMPING PLIER

05.06.2020 09:00, 1S081 (Sciences III)

Alessandro Blasimme/Andrew Janowczyk (ETH Zurich / University of Lausanne).
hosted by: Emi NagoshiFlorian Steiner.

Research

Our department hosts 12 research laboratories gathering close to 200 scientists, engineers and technical staff. Research topics cover a large variety of topics, such as developmental genetics and neurogenetics, regeneration, evo-devo, physics of biology, phylogenetics or anthropology.

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Education

Teaching life sciences at the University of Geneva is an important duty for all staff scientists. In addition to the bachelor programme, we also propose specific masters and PhD specialisations through various programmes.

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contact

Department of Genetics and Evolution
Quai Ernest-Ansermet, 30
1205 Geneva
Switzerland

office: 4002A
T: +41 22 379 67 85

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