The invasive Asian benthic foraminifera Trochammina hadai Uchio, 1962: identification of a new local in Normandy (France) and a discussion on its putative introduction pathways

  • publication
  • 18-04-2023

Bouchet VMP, Pavard J-C, Holzmann M, McGann M, Armynot du Châtelet E, Courleux A, Pezy J-P, Dauvin J-C, Seuront L. Aquatic Invasions 18(1): 23-38.

The invasive benthic foraminifera Trochammina hadai has been found for the first time in Europe along the coast of Normandy. Its native range of distribution is in Asia (Japan and Korea), and it has also been introduced along the coasts of western North America, Brazil and Australia. Morphological and molecular assessments confirm that specimens found in Le Havre and Caen-Ouistreham harbors belong to the Asiatic type. Like in Asia, T. hadai was found in transitional waters with muddy sediments. It exhibited high relative abundances (up to about 40%) confirming that T. hadai is a highly competitive species. In the present study, it was nearly absent from natural transitional waters and very abundant in heavily modified habitats like harbors, suggesting that ballast waters may likely be the vector of introduction. It was not recorded farther north along the coast of the Hauts-de-France. It is further hypothesized that the finding of a few specimens outside the harbor may facilitate the expansion of T. hadai in the English Channel by means of propagules dispersion.

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